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初中英语不规则动词表

时间:2015-08-21 16:58点击:

初中英语不规则动词表

AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
read read read
cut cut cut 切,割
let let let
put put put
cost cost cost 花费,值 
hit hit hit 撞,击
set set set 安排,安置
hurt hurt hurt 使...伤痛

二、ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
become became become 成为
come came come
run ran run

三、ABC型

1. ow →ew →own

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
blow blew blown
draw drew drawn
grow grew grown 生长
know knew known 知道
fly flew flown 飞 

2. i→a →u

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
begin began begun 开始
drink drank drunk
sing sang sung
swim swam swum 游泳
ring rang rung 打电话

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
wear wore worn 穿
forget forgot forgotten 忘记
speak spoke spoken
freeze froze frozen
choose chose chosen 选择

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
eat ate eaten
forbid forbade forbidden 禁止
give gave given
ride rode ridden
see saw seen 看见
write wrote written
fall fell fallen 落下

5. 无规律

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
am/is was been
are were been
do did done
go went gone
take took  taken

四、ABB型

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
bring brought brought 带来
buy bought bought
fight fought fought 打架
think thought thought 思考

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
catch caught caught 捉,抓
teach taught taught

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
feed fed fed
meet met met 遇见
get got got 得到
hold held held 拥有
babysit babysat babysat 临时照看
sit sat sat
win won won
find found found 发现

4. 原形→□lt→□lt

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
feel felt felt 感到
keep kept kept 保持
leave left left 离开
sleep slept slept 
weep swept swept

5. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
build built built 建造
hear heard heard 听见
make made made 制造
mean meant meant 意思
send sent sent 送,寄
spend spent spent 花费
deal  dealt  dealt  处理

6.辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
have had had 有,吃
lay lain lain
lose lost lost  丢失
pay paid paid 付钱
say said said
sell sold sold
tell told told 告诉
stand stood  stood  站 

五、AAB型 

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
beat  beat  beaten  打败

六、有两种形式

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
bear bore born
bore borne
hang hanged hanged 吊死
hung hung
learn  learned learned
learnt learnt
lie lied lied 说谎
lay  lain 
show showed showed  给...看
showed shown
spell  spelled spelled 拼写
spelt spelt
burn  burned burned
burnt burnt 
smell smelled smelled
smelt smelt
shine shined shined 照耀
shone shone
dream dreamed dreamed 做梦
dreamt dreamt
wake waked waked
woke woken
hide hid hid 躲藏
hid hidden

七、情态动词

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思
can  could
may  might  也许
must  必须
shall should 将要
will  would